PART I CHARTER*
*Editor's note: Part I contains the city's Charter as adopted August 7, 1984. The absence of a history note following a particular section indicates that such section is set out as adopted by the electorate on August 7, 1984; conversely, a history note enclosed in parentheses indicates an amendment to a section on the date shown in such history note. Formerly, Part I contained the city's Charter as adopted November 4, 1924, as amended on the following dates: November 5, 1946; April 7, 1969; November 6, 1973; November 8, 1977; and August 4, 1981.
State constitutional law reference--Power to adopt and amend Charter, Mich. Const. 1963, art. VII, § 22.
State law references: Home rule cities generally, MCL 117.1 et seq.
Chapter 3. Elections
Sec. 3.1. Qualifications for Voters.
Sec. 3.2. Supervision of Elections.
Sec. 3.3. Nominations for Councilmembers and City Convention Delegates.
Sec. 3.4. Conducting the Ward Convention.
Sec. 3.5. Certifying Nominees.
Sec. 3.6. City Convention.
Sec. 3.7. Nomination of Mayor.
Sec. 3.8. Certification of Candidates.
Sec. 3.9. Other Convention Business.
Sec. 3.10. Nominating Petitions.
Sec. 3.11. Nominating Petition Forms.
Sec. 3.12. General Elections.
Sec. 3.13. Special Elections.
Sec. 3.14. Qualifications for City Office.
Sec. 3.15. Election Commission.
Sec. 3.16. Duties of Election Commission.
Sec. 3.17. Recall.
Sec. 3.18. Vacancies.
Sec. 3.19. Oath of Office.
Chapter 4. The City Council
Sec. 4.1. Composition and Powers.
Sec. 4.2. Terms of Office.
Sec. 4.3. Duties of the Mayor.
Sec. 4.4. City Council Meetings.
Sec. 4.5. Quorum.
Sec. 4.6. Notice of Special Meetings.
Sec. 4.7. Compensation.
Sec. 4.8. Appointments.
Sec. 4.9. City Council and Personnel.
Sec. 4.10. Mayor Pro tempore.
Chapter 5. Administrative Services
Sec. 5.1. City Manager.
Sec. 5.2. Powers and Duties.
Sec. 5.3. Acting City Manager.
Sec. 5.4. City Attorney.
Sec. 5.5. City Assessor.
Sec. 5.6. City Clerk.
Sec. 5.7. City Treasurer.
Sec. 5.8. Clerk-Treasurer.
Chapter 6. Legislation
Sec. 6.1. Existing Legislation.
Sec. 6.2. Resolutions and Ordinances.
Sec. 6.3. Enactment of Ordinances.
Sec. 6.4. Repeal of Ordinances.
Sec. 6.5. Emergency Ordinances.
Sec. 6.6. Penalties.
Sec. 6.7. Publication.
Sec. 6.8. Technical Codes.
Sec. 6.9. Codification.
Chapter 7. Initiative and Referendum
Sec. 7.1. Initiation of Petitions.
Sec. 7.2. Form of Petitions.
Sec. 7.3. Circulating Petitions.
Sec. 7.4. Canvass by the City Clerk.
Sec. 7.5. City Council Action.
Sec. 7.6. Submission to Voters.
Sec. 7.7. Limitation.
Chapter 8. Budget and Finance
Sec. 8.1. Fiscal Year.
Sec. 8.2. Budget Procedure.
Sec. 8.3. Budget Hearing.
Sec. 8.4. Adoption of Budget.
Sec. 8.5. Budget Bonds.
Sec. 8.6. Budget Control.
Sec. 8.7. Transfers.
Sec. 8.8. Additional Appropriations.
Sec. 8.9. Quarterly Reports.
Sec. 8.10. Depositories.
Sec. 8.11. Disbursements.
Sec. 8.12. Internal Audit.
Sec. 8.13. Independent Audit and Annual Report.
Chapter 9. Taxation
Sec. 9.1. Power to Tax.
Sec. 9.2. Tax Limit.
Sec. 9.3. Subjects of Taxation.
Sec. 9.4. Exemption from Taxes.
Sec. 9.5. Tax Day.
Sec. 9.6. Preparation of the Assessment Roll.
Sec. 9.7. Notice of Assessment.
Sec. 9.8. Board of Review.
Sec. 9.9. Meetings of the Board of Review.
Sec. 9.10. Reviewed Assessment Roll.
Sec. 9.11. Tax Roll Certified for Collection.
Sec. 9.12. Tax Lien.
Sec. 9.13. Notification of Tax Due.
Sec. 9.14. Penalty and Interest Fees.
Sec. 9.15. Failure or Refusal to Pay Personal Property Tax.
Sec. 9.16. Jeopardy Assessment.
Sec. 9.17. Delinquent Tax Roll to County Treasurer.
Sec. 9.18. County and School Taxes.
Chapter 10. Borrowing
Sec. 10.1. General Powers.
Sec. 10.2. Preparation and Record of Bonds.
Chapter 11. Special Assessments
Sec. 11.1. Power of Special Assessment.
Sec. 11.2. Special Assessment Procedure.
Sec. 11.3. Assessment Lien.
Chapter 12. Franchises, Contracts, Licenses, and Permits
Sec. 12.1. General.
Sec. 12.2. Short-Term Franchise.
Sec. 12.3. Long-Term Franchises.
Sec. 12.4. Right of Regulation.
Sec. 12.5. Uses of Public Property.
Sec. 12.6. Contracts.
Sec. 12.7. Licenses and Permits.
Sec. 12.8. Existing Franchises, Contracts, Licenses, and Permits.
Chapter 13. Library Commission
Sec. 13.1. Establishment.
Sec. 13.2. Duties.
Chapter 14. General Provisions
Sec. 14.1. Rights and Obligations.
Sec. 14.2. City Not to Own Stock.
Sec. 14.3. Prima Facie Evidence of Publication.
Sec. 14.4. Issuing Bonds to Pay Judgment in Excess of Taxation Powers.
Sec. 14.5. Amendments.
Sec. 14.6. Saving Clause.
Chapter 15. Implementation
Sec. 15.1. Charter Election.
Sec. 15.2. Style of Ballot.
Sec. 15.3. Time of Effect.
Sec. 15.4. Current Officers.
Sec. 15.5. Ward Vacancies.
Sec. 15.6. Saving Clause.
Sec. 15.7. Termination of this Chapter.
We, the people of Petoskey, Michigan, committed to the principles of citizen participation in framing public policy, the accountability of municipal service as a public trust, and the mutual effort for the well-being of our residents in a unique environment, do ordain this Charter.
Section 1.1. Incorporation.
The municipal corporation now existing and known as the "City of Petoskey" as its limits now are or may be established shall continue as a municipal corporation under the laws of the State of Michigan.
Section 1.2. Boundaries.
The City shall be comprised of the territory constituting the City of Petoskey on the effective date of this Charter (January 1, 1985) as described in Appendix A attached. Any lawful changes in these boundaries shall not require amendment of this section.
Section 1.3. Form of Government and Powers.
The form of government provided for in this Charter is the "council-manager" form. The City has the powers granted to any city by the constitution and laws of the State of Michigan including the power to own and operate public utilities and services. The mention of specific powers in this Charter is not meant to exclude other powers.
Section 1.4. Powers Regarding Property.
The City shall have power to acquire, use, and dispose of property for any lawful purpose by any lawful means, however, all public grounds used for park purposes shall be inalienable and in no event shall the city council sell, lease, encumber, trade, or divert to another public use any public park grounds without first securing the approval of a majority of the voters of the City voting on the question in any general or special election.
Section 1.5. Intergovernmental Cooperation.
The City shall have power to join with any other unit of government, by contract or in any way permitted by law, in the financing and ownership of any property or facility, or in the performance of any service, which each would have the power to own, operate, or perform separately.
Section 2.1. Wards.
The City of Petoskey shall be divided into four (4) wards. The boundaries of these wards shall be fixed by ordinance and shall be as nearly equal as possible in population based on the decennial census.
Section 2.2. Elected Councilmembers.
Each ward shall be represented by one (1) councilmember elected for a two-year term under the provisions of this Charter.
Section 3.1. Qualifications for Voters.
Residents of the City of Petoskey who qualify as voters under the constitution and laws of the State of Michigan shall be the voters in the City.
Section 3.2. Supervision of Elections.
Under the general supervision of the city clerk, the registration of voters, preparation of ballots or machines, and the conduct of elections shall be in accordance with this Charter and with state election laws.
Section 3.3. Nominations for Councilmembers and City Convention Delegates.
There shall be an annual nonpartisan convention in each ward of the City at a time to be set by city council in accordance with state law. Convenient places for the ward conventions will be determined by the city council. Each convention shall nominate two (2) candidates for councilmember (in the year in which a vacancy occurs from that ward). The voters present may determine to nominate only one (1) candidate for councilmember.
Each ward convention shall select fifteen (15) delegates and five (5) alternates to the annual city convention. The city clerk shall give notice of ward conventions in a newspaper of general circulation in the City during the week preceding and on the day of the ward conventions. The notice shall state the time, place, and purpose of each ward convention.
Section 3.4. Conducting the Ward Convention.
Each ward convention shall open at 8:00 p.m. and may be called to order by any voter of that ward present. The voters present shall select eligible voters to be chairperson and clerk of that convention.
Section 3.5. Certifying Nominees.
The names of the candidates for city councilmember chosen by the convention, and the names of delegates and alternates to the city convention shall be certified by the chairperson and clerk of the convention and filed with the office of the city clerk before 5:00 p.m. of the following day. The names of candidates for councilmember so filed shall be placed on the ballot of the next general city election. The certified delegates and alternates shall be the representatives from each ward to the city convention and entitled to vote on all questions before that convention.
Section 3.6. City Convention.
An annual nonpartisan city convention shall be held at a time to be set by city council in accordance with state law. The city council shall determine the convenient place and it shall be opened at 8:00 p.m. The city clerk shall give notice of the time, place, and purpose of the city convention in a newspaper of general circulation in the City on at least one (1) day prior to and on the day of the convention. The convention may be called to order by any city officer or certified delegate present and shall proceed to select a chairperson and a clerk. Each delegate shall have one (1) vote.
Section 3.7. Nomination of Mayor.
Two (2) candidates for mayor shall be selected by the delegates to the city convention. The delegates may agree to choose only one (1) candidate for the office of mayor. A candidate for mayor shall not at the same time be a candidate for councilmember.
Section 3.8. Certification of Candidates.
The names of the candidates for mayor shall be certified by the chairperson and clerk of the city convention and shall be filed with the city clerk before 5:00 p.m. on the day following the convention. The city clerk shall place them on the ballot of the next general city election.
Section 3.9. Other Convention Business.
While convened, the delegates to the city convention, along with any other qualified voters of the City present, may hear reports, inquire of city officers or candidates for office, and may conduct advisory votes on any issues and questions affecting the welfare of the City and its citizens.
Section 3.10. Nominating Petitions.
Legally qualified persons may have their names placed on the general election ballot for the office of mayor or councilmember by filing nominating petitions with the city clerk before 5:00 p.m. on the Monday following the city convention. A petition for the office of mayor shall be signed by not less than fifty (50) and not more than seventy-five (75) registered voters of the City. A petition for councilmember shall be signed by not less than fifty (50) and not more than seventy-five (75) registered voters in the petitioner's ward. If the city clerk determines the petition to be valid, that name shall be placed on the ballot.
Section 3.11. Nominating Petition Forms.
The city clerk shall have forms for nominating petitions available for use. Completed and filed petitions shall be available for public inspection.
Section 3.12. General Elections.
Nonpartisan general elections shall be held in the City on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November each year. The city council shall designate a convenient place in each ward for voting. Each voter shall vote in the ward in which the voter resides.
Section 3.13. Special Elections.
By resolution the city council may call for a special election in the City. Voters shall have no less than thirty (30) days notice and the resolution shall state clearly the purpose of the election and the question to be decided.
Section 3.14. Qualifications for City Office.
A candidate for the office of mayor or councilmember shall be a qualified voter and a resident of the City for no less than one (1) year. A candidate for the office of councilmember shall be a resident of the ward that the candidate seeks to represent. If a councilmember moves from a ward, that seat on the council shall be declared vacant. No member of the city council shall be employed by the City during the councilmember's term of office.
Section 3.15. Election Commission.
The city election commission shall consist of the city clerk as chairperson, the city attorney, and one other registered voter appointed by the council who is not a councilmember nor a candidate for election. To maintain a membership of three (3) on this commission, the city council shall have power to fill vacancies if the city clerk or city attorney are disabled or if that office is vacant.
Section 3.16. Duties of Election Commission.
The election commission shall have those duties prescribed by state law. Unless otherwise provided, they shall determine disputes as to adequacy of petition, appoint election inspectors, and prescribe procedures to be followed in tallying the votes of the people. The rate of compensation for election inspectors shall be fixed by the city council. The polls shall be open between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.
Section 3.17. Recall.
The citizens of the City are assured by this Charter as to the responsiveness of public officials to the duties of their office, to the democratically determined will of the people, and to the importance of public trust. Any elected official may be removed from office by the voters of the City in the manner prescribed by state law.
Section 3.18. Vacancies.
Any vacancy in the office of mayor or councilmember shall be filled within thirty (30) days by a majority vote of the remaining councilmembers. If a mayor is chosen from among the councilmembers, the council shall appoint another voter from that ward to represent that ward on the city council. A vacancy need not be filled if it occurs less than sixty (60) days before a city election. A vacancy of office shall be determined to have taken place upon the death, resignation, recall, moving from the ward, conviction of a felony, conflict-of-interest disqualification, or the finding of mental incompetency by a court of competent jurisdiction.
Section 3.19. Oath of Office.
Before assuming the office of mayor or councilmember, an elected or appointed person shall publicly subscribe an oath in writing, promising to uphold and defend the constitutions and laws of the United States and the State of Michigan and to faithfully discharge the duties of such office.
Section 4.1. Composition and Powers.
The City of Petoskey shall be governed by a council composed of five (5) members: the mayor and four (4) councilmembers, one (1) representing each ward. Except as provided elsewhere in this Charter or by general law, the city council shall exercise all the powers conferred upon cities by state law, to adopt all ordinances and resolutions and to otherwise govern. The city council shall provide through the city manager for the public peace and health and for the safety of persons and property.
Section 4.2. Terms of Office.
The mayor shall be elected for a term of one (1) year. The councilmembers shall be elected for a term of two (2) years and the terms shall be arranged so that two (2) wards elect a councilmember each year. Terms shall begin on January 1 of the year following the election.
Section 4.3. Duties of the Mayor.
The mayor shall preside at the meetings of the city council and shall be considered the executive of the City for all ceremonial purposes. The mayor shall have voice and vote in all deliberations of the city council and no power of veto. The mayor shall appoint the members of all commissions and committees. The mayor, along with the city clerk, and under the authority of the city council shall sign all deeds, bonds, contracts, leases, and other legal papers in which the City is made a party. The Mayor shall supervise the contracts, agreements, and obligations of the City and serve to protect the interests of the City.
Section 4.4. City Council Meetings.
The city council shall meet regularly, preferably in the city council chambers in the city hall, on the first and third Mondays of each month. The city council shall provide for special meetings as its duties require. All meetings shall be in compliance with the Michigan Open Meetings Act, and a written journal of its proceedings shall be kept in the English language. All records of the City shall be made available to the general public in compliance with state law.
Section 4.5. Quorum.
Three (3) members of the city council shall constitute a quorum. The affirmative vote of three (3) members shall be necessary to adopt any motion, resolution, or ordinance unless a greater number is provided for elsewhere in this Charter. Every vote shall be taken by roll call and shall be recorded by the city clerk. The city clerk shall read the written version of any motion or resolution before it is voted upon.
Section 4.6. Notice of Special Meetings.
Special meetings of the city council shall be called by the city clerk on the written request of the mayor, or of any three (3) councilmembers. Written notice of the meeting shall be served personally to each councilmember or left at his place of residence no less than twenty-four (24) hours before the time the meeting is to begin. The notice shall include the purpose of calling the meeting, and no other business shall be considered.
Section 4.7. Compensation.
The mayor shall receive the sum of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) for each city council meeting attended, regular or special, provided that the compensation does not exceed the sum of seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00) per year. Councilmembers shall receive a sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) for each meeting attended, regular or special, provided that the compensation does not exceed four hundred fifty dollars ($450.00) per year. The mayor and councilmembers may be reimbursed for reasonable expenses actually incurred in the course of their official duties. An itemized statement of such expenses shall be submitted to the city council and payment authorized by its vote.
Section 4.8. Appointments.
The city council shall appoint a city manager, a city attorney, and a city assessor and such other officials as general law may require.
Section 4.9. City Council and Personnel.
Neither the city council, nor any of its members shall dictate the appointment of any person to office or employment by the city manager, or in any manner interfere with the city manager in the city manager's control over the administrative service. Except for the purpose of inquiry, the council and its members shall deal with the administrative service solely through the city manager, and neither the council nor any member shall give orders to any of the subordinates of the city manager.
Section 4.10. Mayor Pro tempore.
The city council shall elect from among its members a mayor pro tempore who shall act in the absence or incapacity of the mayor.
Section 5.1. City Manager.
The city council shall, by a majority vote, appoint a city manager for an indefinite term, fix the compensation, and execute an employment contract. The city manager shall be appointed solely on the basis of executive and administrative qualifications. The city manager need not be a resident of the City at the time of appointment, but shall become a resident within six (6) months. Before entering the duties of office, the city manager shall subscribe the official oath.
Section 5.2. Powers and Duties.
The city manager shall be the chief administrative officer of the City, responsible to the city council for the administration of all city affairs placed in the city manager's charge by or under this Charter including, but not limited to the following:
(a) Appoint, suspend, or remove all city employees except as otherwise provided for by this Charter, law, or personnel rules adopted in accordance with this Charter. The city manager may authorize any administrative officer subject to the city manager's supervision to exercise these powers with respect to subordinates;
(b) Attend all meetings of the city council with the right of voice, but not vote;
(c) Provide for the execution and enforcement of laws, provisions of this Charter, and acts of the city council;
(d) Prepare and submit the annual budget and capital program to the city council;
(e) Submit to the city council and make available to the public a complete report of finances and administrative activities at the end of each fiscal year;
(f) Make such reports as the city council shall require regarding the operation of the City, its departments, and agencies;
(g) Keep the city council fully advised as to the financial condition and future needs of the City and make recommendations as to courses of action; and
(h) Perform the duties prescribed by this Charter or required by the city council.
Section 5.3. Acting City Manager.
The city manager shall designate by letter filed with the city clerk a qualified city administrative officer to serve as acting city manager in case of the city manager's absence or disability. This appointment shall be approved by the city council.
Section 5.4. City Attorney.
The city council shall appoint a city attorney who shall serve as chief legal advisor to the city council, the city manager, and all departments and agencies of the City. The city attorney shall represent the City in any legal proceedings. The city attorney shall be licensed to practice law in the State of Michigan. The city council may engage one (1) or more attorneys with expertise for particular cases. The salary shall be fixed by city council.
Section 5.5. City Assessor.
The city council shall appoint a city assessor meeting statutory qualifications, who shall possess all the powers vested in, and shall be charged with all the duties imposed [upon] assessing officers by statute, or by ordinance of the City, or by resolution of the council. The salary shall be fixed by city council.
Section 5.6. City Clerk.
A city clerk shall be appointed by the city manager with approval of the city council solely on the basis of administrative qualifications. The salary shall be fixed by the city manager in accordance with budget appropriations. The city clerk shall be clerk of the council and shall, with the mayor, sign all ordinances. The city clerk shall keep a permanent journal of all council proceedings and ordinances; shall keep and preserve the corporate seal and all official documents; and shall administer oaths of office. In addition, the city clerk shall perform all other duties prescribed by law, this Charter, and as directed by the city manager.
Section 5.7. City Treasurer.
A city treasurer shall be appointed by the city manager with approval of the city council solely on the basis of administrative qualifications. The salary shall be fixed by the city manager in accordance with budget appropriations. The city treasurer shall have custody of all monies of the City and shall perform all other duties prescribed by law, this Charter, and as directed by the city manager.
Section 5.8. Clerk-Treasurer.
The city council may at any time by resolution combine, or separate from combination, the office of city clerk and the office of city treasurer.
Section 6.1. Existing Legislation.
All ordinances, resolutions, rules, and regulations of the City of Petoskey that are consistent with the provisions of this Charter shall continue in full force at the adoption of this Charter unless repealed or amended.
Section 6.2. Resolutions and Ordinances.
All actions of the city council shall be by resolution or ordinance. Resolutions shall be official actions of the city council in the form of a motion pertaining to internal affairs or concerns of the City. Acts that carry a penalty for violation shall be by ordinance.
Section 6.3. Enactment of Ordinances.
All legislation of the City of Petoskey shall be by ordinance. Each ordinance shall be identified by a number and a short title. Each proposed ordinance shall be introduced in written or printed form. The style of all ordinances passed by the city council shall be: "The City of Petoskey ordains." With the exception of emergency ordinances, no ordinance shall be finally passed by the city council at the same meeting at which it is introduced. All ordinances shall be recorded in "The Ordinance Book" when enacted and shall be authenticated by the signatures of the mayor and the city clerk. With the exception of emergency ordinances, all ordinances shall specify an effective date no less than fourteen (14) days after enactment.
Section 6.4. Repeal of Ordinances.
An ordinance may be repealed by the adoption of a repealing ordinance in the same manner as provided for enactment.
Section 6.5. Emergency Ordinances.
The city council may adopt one (1) or more emergency ordinances to meet a public emergency affecting life, health, property, or the public peace. The city council must first declare the existence of the emergency and describe it in specific terms. Ordinances enacted for an emergency may not levy taxes; grant, renew or extend a franchise; or regulate the rate charged by any public utility for its services. An emergency ordinance may be adopted at the same meeting at which it is introduced, may have immediate effect, and shall be published and printed in the same manner as prescribed for other ordinances. Every emergency ordinance shall automatically stand repealed as of the sixty-first (61st) day following the date of adoption, but may be reenacted if the emergency continues to exist. An emergency ordinance may also be repealed by the enactment of an emergency ordinance.
Section 6.6. Penalties.
The city council shall provide in each ordinance for the punishment of those who violate its provisions.
Section 6.7. Publication.
Each ordinance passed by the city council shall be published at least once within seven (7) days after adoption. This publication shall be in a newspaper of general circulation within the City.
Section 6.8. Technical Codes.
The council may adopt into an ordinance by citation any provision of state law or any detailed technical regulations. The adopting ordinance shall clearly identify and state the purpose of the provisions adopted in this way. Copies of the regulations cited shall be available for free inspection at the office of the city clerk and for purchase at reasonable cost.
Section 6.9. Codification.
Copies of all ordinances that are in effect and all amendments to this Charter shall be prepared by the city clerk and available for distribution. At least once each year the council shall direct the compilation or codification of the Charter and of all the ordinances of the City then in force and available at reasonable charge.
Section 7.1. Initiation of Petitions.
Citizens of the City may initiate legislation or call for a referendum on legislation by means of petition. An initiative or referendum petition shall be signed by at least ten (10) percent of the registered voters of the City as of the date of the last regular city election before the filing of the petition. All signatures shall be obtained within thirty (30) days before the filing. A referendum petition shall be filed within thirty (30) days of the enactment of the ordinance that it seeks to repeal.
Section 7.2. Form of Petitions.
An initiative or referendum petition shall be addressed to the city council. The petition need not be on one (1) paper, but if it is the aggregate of two (2) or more papers, they shall be identical as to contents. A referendum petition shall clearly identify the ordinance or a portion of it that is proposed for repeal. An initiative petition shall clearly state the ordinance that it proposes to see enacted. No petition shall propose more than one (1) ordinance.
Section 7.3. Circulating Petitions.
Each signer of the petition shall include his residence address and the date of signature. To each page of the petition there shall be attached a sworn affidavit of the circulator that each signature on the page is genuine and that the circulator believes each signer to be a registered voter in the City of Petoskey. Completed petitions shall be filed with the city clerk.
Section 7.4. Canvass by the City Clerk.
The city clerk shall canvass the signatures on any initiative or referendum petition to determine if the signatures are in sufficient number and are not more than thirty (30) days old. The canvass shall be completed within five (5) days and the city clerk shall notify the circulator of any deficiency. The city clerk shall then allow ten (10) days from the notification of deficiency to permit the filing of supplemental petition papers. When a petition of sufficient signatures is filed within the allowed time and is in compliance with provisions of this Charter, the city clerk shall present the petition at the next regular meeting of the city council. The filing of a referendum petition shall suspend effectiveness of the ordinance in question until the issue is determined.
Section 7.5. City Council Action.
Upon receiving an initiative or referendum petition from the city clerk, the city council shall, within thirty (30) days, either:
(a) If it be an initiative petition, enact the ordinance as submitted in the petition;
(b) If it be a referendum petition, repeal the ordinance or portion of the ordinance referred; or
(c) Submit the proposal to the voters.
Section 7.6. Submission to Voters.
Should the city council submit the proposal to the voters, it shall be submitted at the next election held in the City for any other purpose, or, at the discretion of the city council, at a special election called for that specific purpose. In the case of an initiative petition, if no election is to be held in the City for any other purpose within one hundred fifty (150) days from the time the petition is presented to the city council and the city council does not adopt the ordinance, then the city council shall call a special election within sixty (60) days from such time for the submission of the initiative proposal. The result shall be determined by a majority vote of the voters voting thereon, except in cases where otherwise required by the general laws of the State of Michigan. If two (2) or more ordinances adopted at the same election shall have conflicting provisions, the provisions in the ordinance receiving the highest number of affirmative votes shall govern.
Section 7.7. Limitation.
An ordinance adopted by the electorate through initiative proceedings may not be amended or repealed for a period of two (2) years after the date of the election at which it was adopted. An ordinance repealed by the voters may not be reenacted within a period of two (2) years after the date of the election in which it was repealed.
Section 8.1. Fiscal Year.
The fiscal year of the City shall begin January 1 and end December 31.
Section 8.2. Budget Procedure.
The city manager shall be responsible to submit to the city council at its first regular meeting in November of each year a recommended budget that shall include:
(a) Detailed estimates, with supporting explanations, of all proposed expenditures for each department and office of the City for the coming year, along with statements of expenditures for those items in the previous fiscal year and anticipated expenses for the current year;
(b) Statements of the bonded and other indebtedness of the City, showing requirements of debt redemption and interest, debt authorized but unissued, and the details of sinking funds;
(c) Detailed estimates of all revenues anticipated by the City from sources other than taxes, with a comparative statement of amounts received in the previous fiscal year and anticipated revenues for the current year;
(d) A statement of the anticipated balance or deficit for the current year;
(e) An estimate of the amount of money to be raised from current and delinquent taxes, and the amount to be raised from bonds issued in order to meet the proposed expenditures;
(f) Such other supporting information as may be requested by the city council and required by state law.
Section 8.3. Budget Hearing.
A public hearing on the budget shall be held before its adoption. The city council shall direct the time and place for the hearing and notice of it shall be published at least six (6) days in advance.
Section 8.4. Adoption of Budget.
After the hearing, but not later than December 31 of each year, the city council shall adopt a budget for the ensuing year by resolution. After realistic consideration of all other revenues, the city council shall declare the amount of money necessary to be raised by taxes on property, which amount shall not be greater than that granted by state law or this Charter.
Section 8.5. Budget Bonds.
Any capital improvement items contained in the budget may be financed by the issuance of bonds as a part of the budget system, provided that the amount of such bonds together with the taxes levied for the same year shall not exceed the limit of taxation authorized by law.
Section 8.6. Budget Control.
No money shall be drawn from the city treasury unless there be an appropriation for it. No obligation for expenditure shall be incurred without an appropriation covering all payments that will be due for such an obligation in that fiscal year.
Section 8.7. Transfers.
The city council may, by resolution, transfer any unencumbered appropriation balance, or any portion of it, from one account, department, fund, or agency to another.
Section 8.8. Additional Appropriations.
The city council may make additional appropriations during the fiscal year for unanticipated expenses, but such additional appropriations shall not exceed the amount by which revenues exceed budget estimates unless the appropriations are necessary to relieve an emergency endangering the public health, safety, or peace.
Section 8.9. Quarterly Reports.
At the end of each quarterly period during the fiscal year the city manager shall summarize the financial condition of the City and if it appears that revenues are less than anticipated, the city council may reduce appropriations, except for amounts required for debt reduction and interest charges.
Section 8.10. Depositories.
The city council shall designate depositories for city funds and shall provide for the regular deposit of all city monies.
Section 8.11. Disbursements.
All funds from the treasury shall be drawn only by authorization and appropriation of the city council and by checks executed by not less than two (2) officers designated by the city council.
Section 8.12. Internal Audit.
The city clerk shall keep books of account of the receipts and expenditures of the City. The system of accounts of the City shall conform to such uniform system as may be required by law.
Section 8.13. Independent Audit and Annual Report.
An independent audit shall be made of all city accounts at least annually by a certified public accountant experienced in municipal finance and selected by the city council. The city manager shall be responsible for submitting an annual report of the state of the City, including a financial report. Copies of the annual report and the audit shall be made available at the office of the city clerk within thirty (30) days of receipt.
Section 9.1. Power to Tax.
In order to carry out the duties of city government as established by this Charter, the City shall have power to assess, levy, and collect taxes, rents, tolls, and excises. City taxes shall be levied, collected, and returned in the manner provided by state law unless otherwise provided for in this Charter.
Section 9.2. Tax Limit.
The annual general ad valorem tax levy shall not exceed ten (10) mills (one (1) percent) of the assessed value of all real and personal property subject to taxation in the City, exclusive of any levies authorized by law beyond this Charter limitation; provided, however, that in any year the city council may levy up to five (5) mills additional (one-half () of one (1) percent) to be used exclusively for maintenance operations and public improvements within street rights-of-way.
(Ord. of 5-3-1988)
Section 9.3. Subjects of Taxation.
The subjects of ad valorem taxation for city purposes shall be the same as for state, county, and school purposes under general law.
Section 9.4. Exemption from Taxes.
No exemptions from taxation shall be allowed except for those required or permitted by state law.
Section 9.5. Tax Day.
The taxable status of persons and property shall be determined as of December 31 in each year, which shall be called the "Tax Day." Exceptions shall be those permitted or required by state law.
Section 9.6. Preparation of the Assessment Roll.
On or before the first Monday in March each year, the city assessor shall submit a certified assessment roll of all property in the City subject to taxation, available for examination in the city offices.
Section 9.7. Notice of Assessment.
Ten (10) days prior to the second Monday in March the city assessor shall give notice by first class mail of any increase in assessed valuation over the previous year. Failure to give or receive this notice shall not invalidate the roll or the assessment.
Section 9.8. Board of Review.
There shall be a board of review of the assessment roll composed of three (3) residents of the City who are qualified voters. Appointed by the city council to serve three-year staggered terms, they shall not be elected or appointed officials of the City. They shall meet and complete their duties as required by law. Their compensation shall be fixed by the city council.
Section 9.9. Meetings of the Board of Review.
The board of review shall meet on the Tuesday after the first Monday in March to review and correct the assessment roll. They shall meet on the second Monday in March to hear appeals and remain in session until all appellants have had an opportunity to be heard. Notice of the time and place of the meeting shall be published by the city clerk at least ten (10) days prior.
Section 9.10. Reviewed Assessment Roll.
Not later than the first Monday in April, the board of review shall, by majority vote, endorse the corrected assessment roll and deliver it to the city assessor who shall spread upon it the general ad valorem city tax, and the county and school taxes.
Section 9.11. Tax Roll Certified for Collection.
After spreading the taxes, the city assessor shall certify the tax roll, and the mayor shall add his warrant directing the city treasurer to proceed to collect the taxes, assessments, and charges levied.
Section 9.12. Tax Lien.
On July 1 the assessed taxes shall become a debt due to the City and a lien on the property along with any charges, fees, or penalties. This lien shall take precedence over all other claims to the extent provided by state law and shall continue until all taxes, interest, and penalties are paid.
Section 9.13. Notification of Tax Due.
City taxes shall be due on July 1 of each year. The city treasurer shall mail a bill to each person named on the tax roll, but in cases of multiple ownership, only one (1) bill need be mailed. The city treasurer shall publish notice at least ten (10) days before July 1 that taxes will be due.
Section 9.14. Penalty and Interest Fees.
The taxes levied and due on July 1 of each year shall be collected before August 31 of that year. As of September 1, a collection fee of four (4) percent shall be charged, and on the first of each month thereafter an interest charge and penalty of one (1) percent in addition shall be charged. On December 1 any and all unpaid summer taxes shall be included in the winter tax bill shown as "delinquent summer," and the six (6) percent penalty due shown as "penalty."
Section 9.15. Failure or Refusal to Pay Personal Property Tax.
If any person, firm, or corporation shall fail or refuse to pay any personal property tax assessed by March 1, the city treasurer shall collect it by seizing and selling that personal property in an amount sufficient to pay the tax, fees, and charges. The city treasurer shall, if unable to collect the tax on personal property in any other way, sue the person, firm, or corporation in accordance with state law.
Section 9.16. Jeopardy Assessment.
Whenever the proper conditions exist, the city treasurer shall accelerate the date on which personal property taxes shall be collected as provided by state law.
Section 9.17. Delinquent Tax Roll to County Treasurer.
On March 1 of the following year, the city treasurer shall turn over to the county treasurer a roll of unpaid taxes together with charges, fees, and penalties, who shall proceed to collect them in the manner provided by state law. Delinquent taxes shall remain a lien on the property assessed until paid.
Section 9.18. County and School Taxes.
The city treasurer shall have the same powers as provided by state law for township treasurers as regard assessing and collecting taxes for county and school purposes.
Section 10.1. General Powers.
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